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[/vc_column_text][vc_accordion active_tab= »false » collapsible= »yes »][vc_accordion_tab title= »Chapter I – What is a contract? »][vc_column_text]This is the first of three chapters dedicated to the area of contract law in the common law world. In this Chapter we look at the elements necessary to create a contract and discuss and explain the notions of invitation to treat, offer, acceptance, consideration and intention to create legal relations. We also consider issues such as capacity of contract and the different vocabulary used to classify agreements.

Aim: Given that the vast majority of international contracts are drafted in English and subject to either UK or US state law, an understanding of the vocabulary and principles of common law contract is essential for non-Anglophone lawyers and law/business students.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title= »Chapter 2 – When a meeting of the minds does not occur – vitiating factors »][vc_column_text]As in most legal systems, the common law requires a meeting of the minds to occur between the parties in order for a legally binding contract to come into effect. The actual meeting of the minds may not be considered to have occurred if the parties made a mistake or where one party failed to tell the other the truth when negotiating the contract. In technical language this is referred to as vitiating factors.

Aim: The Chapter sets out the different vitiating factors recognized by the common law as capable of preventing a meeting of the minds and introduces the reader to the specialist vocabulary relied on by common law lawyers in this area.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title= »Chapter 3 – Unenforceability, discharge and remedies for breach of contract »][vc_column_text]In this the final chapter dedicated to contract law, we consider the two types of contract that exist in the common law, namely simple contracts and speciality contracts. We also look at the notion of capacity of contract, discharge (frustration) and finally we briefly consider the remedies available for breach of contract.

Aim: The Chapter allows the reader not only to understand a complicated area of contract law but also to develop the appropriate technical vocabulary used by common law lawyers working in this field.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title= »Chapter 4 – The law of torts »][vc_column_text]This is the first of two chapters dedicated to the area of tort law. Tort law is the law governing civil responsibility and includes non-intentional torts such as the law of negligence, intentional torts and strict liability torts.

Aim: The Chapter concentrates on the law of negligence and allows the reader to develop an understanding of this area of law and above all an appreciation of the legal terminology. Negligence law is probably the most important area of law in the common law as regards party liability.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title= »Chapter 5 – Intentional and strict liability torts »][vc_column_text]Having considered the area of non-intentional torts in Chapter 4, Chapter 5 goes on to discuss intentional torts and strict liability torts. The reader is informed of the different types of intentional torts that exist under the common law and is also introduced to the notion of strict liability.

Aim: The Chapter renders accessible what is considered to be a complicated area of law and outlines the legal vocabulary used by common law tort lawyers.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title= »Chapter 6 – Criminal law in common law countries »][vc_column_text]Chapter 6 explains criminal law procedure in common law countries. It considers the operation of common law criminal law from the moment the accused is placed in detention up until to sentencing, should the accused be found guilty. The text allows the non-Anglophone lawyer/student to access the vocabulary of common law criminal law and also to understand the nature of criminal law in Anglo-Saxon countries.

Aim: After reading the text, the reader will have acquired the technical legal vocabulary used by lawyers in this field and will also understand the nature of criminal law in common law countries.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title= »Chapter 7 – Company law »][vc_column_text]The function of this Chapter is to introduce the reader to the area of company law both in the United Kingdom and the United States. The Chapter discusses the different kinds of companies that exist in both jurisdictions and explains how companies are formed and the role of company documents, such as the articles and memorandum of association.

Aim: The legal vocabulary used in the area of company law can be difficult and the text is structured in such a way as to allow easy understanding for the non-common law lawyer/student.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title= »Chapter 8 – Intellectual property law »][vc_column_text]Chapter 8 deals with the area of intellectual property law. First the Chapter outlines the different types of protection that exist under this heading, for example copyright, patents, trade secrets etc., explaining the difference between soft and hard intellectual property rights.

Aim: The Chapter allows the reader to develop an understanding of the specialized technical legal vocabulary used by lawyers in this area as well as an understanding of the role of intellectual property law in the common law system.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title= »Chapter 9 – Labor law/Employment law »][vc_column_text]Chapter 9 outlines the employment and labor law regimes in the United States and the United Kingdom. The Chapter explains the scope of workers’ rights and the relationship between employers and employees. It considers the:

  • rights of employees;
  • dismissal rights of employers;
  • role of trade unions; and
  • right to strike.

Aim: The text allows the non-Anglo-Saxon lawyer to learn not only the principles governing common law employment law but more importantly the technical vocabulary necessary to be able to practice in this area through English.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title= »Chapter 10 – International law »][vc_column_text]As our world increasingly resembles a global village, modern business has also become more internationalized. The law governing this business is frequently domestic in character but nonetheless occurs within the framework of international agreements and conventions adopted with the express purpose of promoting international trade.

Aim: This Chapter discusses the scope of international law and the role it plays in international commercial relations. When finished this Chapter, the student will have acquired the technical legal English necessary to start working in this area through English.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][/vc_accordion][/vc_column][/vc_row]

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